Commonly used terms and acronyms
Common terms for animals used in research and teaching
Refers to the Australian code for the care and use of animals for scientific purposes (8th Edition, 2013) published by the Australian Government, Canberra, July 2013.
Breeding for Scientific Procedures
The breeding of certain animals in Victoria for use in Scientific Procedures must be licensed. These animals are termed Specified Animals and are guinea pigs; rats, mice, rabbits other than rats, mice and rabbits bred in their native habitat; and non-human primates. Breeding of these animals for supply to other institutions for scientific procedures must be authorised by a Specified Animal Breeding Licence (SABL).
Death as an end-point and other regulated high impact procedures
"Death as an end-point" (DAEP) Scientific Procedures are rare, potentially highly intrusive procedures where the death of an animal is the measure for evaluating an activity, and where the animal will not be killed humanely prior to its death. Death as an endpoint procedures may only be carried out for the achievement of prescribed, highly beneficial outcomes, and only where the objective cannot be achieved by any other scientific means. These procedures must be approved by the Minister for Agriculture, and any modifications to a previously approved DAEP project must also be submitted to the Minister for consideration.
It is an offence liable for prosecution for a person to carry out Scientific Procedures involving the eye of an animal to determine the irritancy of a chemical or biological agent, unless those procedures are done under terminal anaesthesia.
Laboratory Animals Code of Practice
Refers to the Victorian Code of Practice for the Housing and Care of Laboratory Mice, Rats, Guinea Pigs and Rabbits approved by Governor in Council on 12 October 2004 and published in the Victorian Government Gazette G51 on 16 December 2004, on pages 3419-3461.
Gazettes are accessible through the Victoria Government Gazette website
The Licence Nominee is the person nominated by a licence applicant to be legally responsible for scientific procedures and any breeding of specified animals. This person should have a direct managerial role over personnel and procedures associated with animal use. At universities, a department head is likely to be most appropriate for this role. In a private institution, it might be the director of research. Where the applicant is a natural person, they may also take the role of the Licence Nominee if they hold a suitable position.
A not-for-profit organisation is one defined by the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Regulations 2008 as an organisation that
- is not established for the purposes of profit or gain; and
- has a primary purpose or objective that is operated not for profit or gain; and
- does not distribute any part of the profit or gain in the conduct of activities by the organisation to any entity; and
- has whole charitable, benevolent, philanthropic or recreational purposes; and
- is not a school or an educational institution; and
- is not a body which promotes or is funded by horse racing or greyhound racing.
Pound Animals Code of Practice
Refers to the Victorian Code of Practice for the Use of Animals from Municipal Pounds in Scientific Procedures approved by the Governor in Council on 19 April 1988 and published in the Victorian Government Gazette G47 on 7 December 1988 at pages 3549-3660.
A Scientific Premises is a premises ordinarily used for scientific procedures (see below). The legal occupier of premises ordinarily used for scientific procedures must apply for a licence from the The Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR). DEDJTR must be notified in writing of other locations where scientific procedures are conducted, including fieldwork.
Scientific Procedures include the use of animals for:
- acquiring, demonstrating or developing scientific knowledge
- acquiring, demonstrating, developing or exercising scientific techniques
- developing or testing the use, hazards, safety, or efficiency of vaccines, substances, drugs, materials or appliances intended for use in connection with human beings or animals.
Scientific Procedures Fieldwork Licence
A scientific procedures fieldwork licence (SPFL) authorises the use of premises or locations that are not ordinarily used for Scientific Procedures (i.e. that are not Scientific Premises). Examples might include the use of production animals on farms, the intermittent use of Scientific Premises licensed under a Scientific Procedures Premises Licence held by another institution, or the use of animals in the wild. No premises or locations are listed on a SPFL, and this work is termed "Fieldwork". Procedures, personnel, and location(s) must be approved by the nominated Animal Ethics Committee and standards appropriate to the level of use must be maintained. The licence holder must ensure that the Bureau of Animal Welfare is notified of the fieldwork after approval by the AEC and prior to commencement of any Scientific Procedures.
Scientific Procedures Premises Licence
A scientific procedures premises licence (SPPL) authorises the licence holder to use animals for research, teaching or testing in Victoria, at the sites nominated on their licence, under the approval of a nominated Animal Ethics Committee.
Specified Animals include the following animal species:
- guinea pigs,
- rats, mice and rabbits not bred in their native habitat, and
- non-human primates.
Specified Animal Breeding Licence
A Specified Animal Breeding Licence authorises the breeding of Specified Animals for supply to other institutions for use in Scientific Procedures. Practices which may involve the medical or physical treatment of Specified Animals or the extraction or derivation of tissues, materials or substances from their bodies may be authorised by the SABL (subject to AEC approval), only if they are necessary for the breeding, sale, and delivery of the animals.
Refers to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act 1986 (POCTAA).
Refers to the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Regulations 2008.
Common acronyms for animals used in research and teaching
ACUC Animal Care and Use Committee (NSW)
AEC Animal Ethics Committee
AEEC Animal Experimentation Ethics Committee
ANZCCART Australia and New Zealand Council for the Care of Animals in Research and Teaching
ANZLAA Australia and New Zealand Laboratory Animal Association
APVMA Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
ARC Australian Research Council
ARRP Animal Research Review Panel (NSW)
AVA Australian Veterinary Association
AVAWE Australian Veterinary Association Welfare Ethics (special interest group)
AWAC Animal Welfare Advisory Committee (Vic)
AWC Animal Welfare Committee (of NHMRC)
AWIC Animal Welfare Information Centre (US)
AWSC Animal Welfare Science Centre (DEDJTRI, Victoria)
AWWG Animal Welfare Working Group (Australia)
BVA British Veterinary Association
CAAT Centre for Alternatives to Animal Testing (USA)
CCAC Canadian Council on Animal Care
CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
DAFF Department for Agriculture Fisheries and Forestry (Australian Government)
DPI Department Primary Industries (Vic)
ECVAM European Centre for the Validation of Alternative Methods
FRAME Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments
IACUC Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (USA, Singapore)
ICLAS International Council for Laboratory Animal Science
NCCAW National Consultative Committee on Animal Welfare (Australia)
NHMRC National Health and Medical Research Council
PIMC Primary Industries Ministerial Committee
PISC Primary Industries Standing Committee
RSPCA Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (Australia)
UA Universities Australia
UFAW University Federation for Animal Welfare (UK)