The Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR) regulates the contents and labelling (including advice notes) of fertilisers sold in Victoria to manage the risks associated with fertiliser use in agriculture.
The main risk is from the heavy metal contaminants, cadmium, mercury and lead, present in some fertilisers. Continued use of fertilisers containing high levels of these contaminants in agricultural situations may lead to the accumulation of these contaminants in soils. It may also lead to residue levels in plant and animal products that are above Australian or international standards.
The Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) (Fertilisers) Regulations 2015 manage these risks by:
- setting maximum permissible concentrations of cadmium, mercury and lead contaminants in fertilisers
- prescribing the warning statements fertiliser products must carry if certain contaminants exceed prescribed levels
- requiring product descriptions to be provided to purchasers as attached labels or advice notes
- setting minimum requirements for product descriptions to be supplied via product labels or advice notes.
Guide to Victorian Fertiliser Regulations
The Guide to Victorian Fertiliser Regulations (the Guide) has been developed to provide a plain English explanation to the Agricultural and Veterinary Chemicals (Control of Use) (Fertilisers) Regulations 2015 (the Regulations).
The guide has been developed to assist fertiliser manufacturers and suppliers comply with the Regulations, and provides references to other relevant standards and agencies. The Guide should be read in conjunction with the Regulations.
DEDJTR surveys fertiliser products to monitor compliance with the regulations. Recent fertiliser survey reports are available on the chemical use publications page.
Through the regulation of fertiliser content and labelling, Victoria contributes to national strategies such as Australian Cadmium Minimisation Strategy and the development of a national approach to fertiliser regulation.
The Australian Cadmium Minimisation Strategy website includes publications on managing cadmium minimisation in livestock and crops.
National Code of Practice for Fertilizer Description and Labelling
The National Code of Practice for Fertilizer Description and Labelling (the CoP) was developed by Fertilizer Australia in conjunction with the Department of Agriculture and State & Territory fertiliser regulators.
The CoP is not a replacement for the Regulations, as is it not currently underpinned by legislation. However, the COP incorporates the general requirements of the Victorian Regulations and includes additional standards such as nutrient labelling, that may be applicable in other jurisdictions and form best practice.
The CoP can be found on the Fertilizer Australia website.
Soils and soil health
General information on soils and soil health is available at DEDJTR Victorian Resources Online (Soil).
Fungicide treatment of fertilisers
Treating fertilisers with fungicides is an efficient way of protecting crops from fungal diseases. There are a range of registered products containing the active ingredients, flutriafol or triadimefon that can be mixed with fertilisers to treat fungal disease in range of broadacre situations.
As with all agricultural chemicals, fungicides must be used in accordance with the product's label directions. In situations where commercial fertiliser distributors are treating fertilisers with a fungicide, the business must hold a Commercial Operator Licence (COL), issued by DEDJTR.
Businesses that apply agricultural chemicals to fertilisers need to ensure that equipment used to handle treated fertiliser (i.e. conveyors, augers, truck trailers, field bins) is thoroughly decontaminated to minimise the risk of residues being passed on to subsequent commodities (e.g. grain).