Regional and industry profiles
- Geelong and surrounds
- Goulburn Murray
- Goulburn River and Ranges
- Grampians Pyrenees
- Great South Coast
- Loddon Murray
- Mildura Swan Hill
- North East
- The Goldfields
- Wimmera Mallee
Industry facts and figures
Farming is an ever changing and complex business involving multiple facets. For the top five statistics and links to further information broken down by industry view the sections below.
For further national farm facts broken down by industries including beef, cotton, dairy, dried fruits, goats, grains, rice, sheep meat, sugar and wool visit the National Farmers' Federation or the Australian Bureau of Statistics websites.
In addition, most farmers also develop a wealth of knowledge on a myriad farming matters including: farm management, pests, diseases and weeds, science and research, environment and community, education and training and investment and trade .
Beef and sheep industry
Five fast facts on Victorian farming of beef and sheep
- The beef industry is Victoria's second largest agricultural industry, with a gross value of agricultural production of around $1.38 billion.
- Beef cattle numbers in Victoria have fallen from 2.78 million in the early 1980s to 2.41 million in 2011. There are around 12,900 beef producers in Victoria at 2.2 million beef cattle in the state.
- Domestic consumption of beef was approximately 33 kilograms per capita during 2010–11, having declined from 34.6 kilograms in 2009–10.
- The sheep meat industry is Victoria's fourth largest agricultural industry by value, with a gross value of agricultural production of around $1,092 million in 2010–11. The gross value of wool production in Victoria was $682.4 million in 2010–11 and $383.9 million in 2008–09.
- Lamb producers are currently experiencing higher profitability than wool or beef businesses. The value of Victoria's wool exports increased from $550.8 million in 2008-09 to $1.266 billion in 2010–11, a rise of 130 per cent.
The BESTWOOL/BESTLAMB and BetterBeef networks are statewide industry focused extension programs delivering economic, environmental and social benefits to livestock producers. The key industry groups listed below offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- Meat and Livestock Australia is a producer-owned company working in partnership with industry and government to achieve a profitable and sustainable red meat and livestock (cattle, sheep and goats) industry in Australia.
- Cattle Council of Australia is the peak producer organisation representing Australia's beef cattle producers. The objective of the Council is to represent and progress the interests of Australian beef cattle producers through wide and regular consultation with, and policy advice to, key industry organisations, relevant Federal Government Departments and other bodies regarding issues of national and international importance.
Five fast facts on Victorian dairy farming
- The dairy industry is Victoria's largest rural industry, with a gross value of raw milk production of around $2.48 billion in 2010–11.
- Victoria produced 5.91 billion litres of raw milk in 2010–11 from a dairy herd of around 1 million.
- Victoria produces around 86 per cent of Australia's dairy product exports, worth around $1.96 billion in 2010–11. As a result, returns to farmers are strongly connected to world dairy commodity and exchange rates.
- There are around 4,588 dairy farms in Victoria. Approximately 40,000 people are directly employed on dairy farms and manufacturing plants.
- The per capita consumption of drinking milk is 103 litres and cheese is 13 kilograms.
For more detailed information visit general information on the dairy industry where you will find a dairy industry profile.
There are also some key industry groups listed below offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- Dairy Australia is the national services body for dairy farmers and the industry. Its role is to help farmers adapt to a changing operating environment, and achieve a profitable, sustainable dairy industry.
- Dairy Education Australia is an education and information resource with information for primary school teachers and students, information from the National Centre for Dairy Education Australia and practical information on Dairy Farming Victoria.
Five fast facts on Victorian farming of grains and other crops
- Victoria produced 3 million tonnes of wheat, 1.87 million tonnes of barley, 331 thousand tonnes of canola, 300 thousand tonnes of oats for grain, and 33 thousand tonnes of other major crops during 2009-10 on 3.2 million hectares of land.
- Wheat is Victoria's largest crop, followed by barley, oats, canola, field peas, lentils, faba beans, chickpeas, lupins and triticale. Many farmers also cut grain crops – primarily oats and vetch – for hay.
- Approximately 2.5 million tonnes of Victorian grain goes to meet domestic demand and approximately 2 million tonnes to export markets. Victoria exported $659 million worth of grain during 2009.
- Grain is grown on approximately 5,500 farms in Victoria, with around 3,000 grain 'specialists' and 2,500 who produce grain as part of a mixed farming enterprise. In 2006, around 8,800 people were directly employed on grain and mixed grain farms in Victoria
- Victoria is the third largest state in terms of number of grain (not including rice) establishments (22 per cent) and area planted (15 per cent). This contrasts with Western Australia, where 19 per cent of Australian grain farms produce roughly 37 per cent of total Australian production.
For more detailed information visit the grains industry profile and general information on farming of grains and other crops. Some key industry groups listed below also offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- Australian Grain is a bi-monthly magazine providing technical and marketing information to the Australian grain industry.
- Grain Traders in Australia help trade crops in the local and global market. These crops may include: sorghum, wheat, barley, hay, oats, vetch seed, maize, canola, mung beans, soy beans, cotton seed, millet, triticale, and chick peas. Each has varying commodity prices, which are usually affected by certain market conditions such as law of supply and demand and other economic factors like oil prices.
Five fast facts on Victorian farming of horticulture
- The horticulture industry in Australia was valued at $8.4 billion and in Victoria at $2.4 billion per annum in 2009–10. The Australian Bureau of Statistics estimated that 3375 businesses in Victoria are involved in horticultural activities. Of those businesses, most are concerned with the production of vegetables, fruit (particularly pome fruit, citrus, stone fruit and berries), nuts and grapes.
- Victoria is Australia's second largest vegetable producing state. The gross value of Victorian vegetable production was $727 million in 2009–10.
- Victorian vegetable exports account for around 40 per cent of Australia's horticultural exports.
- The state's biggest markets for fresh and dried vegetables is Japan, New Zealand and Singapore with $322 million worth of Victorian fresh or dried fruit being exported during 2009–10. The state's main markets for fruit exports are Hong Kong, USA and India.
- Victoria is a major producer of many of Australia's fruit and nut crops. The GVP of fruit and nuts (excluding grapes) in 2008–09 was $810 million.
For more detailed information visit the horticulture industry profile and horticulture networks. In addition, key industry groups listed below also offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- The Victoria Farmers Federation Horticulture Group was formed in 1994 to provide a united voice for Victorian growers on horticultural issues to all levels of government.
- Horticulture Australia is a not-for-profit, industry owned company. It works in partnership with Australia's horticulture industries to invest in research, development and marketing programs that provide benefit to industry and the wider community.
- The Horticulture Industry Network (HIN) has been established to increase industry collaboration and the rate of practice change within horticulture and farm forestry communities.
- The Horticulture Service Provider Network links horticulture service providers across Victoria with access to the latest research and development, new tools, and resources.
Pig, goat and deer industry
Five fast facts on Victorian farming of pig, goat and deer
- The gross value of pig slaughtering across Australia was $882.5 million in 2010–11. In June 2011 Australia had 2.34 million pigs, with the biggest herds in Queensland (667,000), Victoria (508,000), New South Wales (505,000) and South Australia (389,000).
- Victoria's pig farms carried 508,000 pigs. Although pig farm numbers decreased from 613 in 1998 to 366 businesses in 2009, the number of farms with breeding sows and all other pigs increased to 584 in 2010, a rise of 59 per cent. In 2010, there were approximately 415 pig herds in Victoria carrying 58,851 breeding sows.
- The total area devoted to specialised deer farming in Victoria during 2008-09 was approximately 7,489.5 hectares holding 18,252 deer.
- Australia is the world's largest goat meat exporter despite being a small producer compared with other countries. The United States of America is Australia's major goat meat export market. Victorian goat exports increased from $3.4 million in 1997 to more than $40.1 million in 2010.
- Victoria has over 500 agricultural businesses involved in the goat industry, with the majority involved in goat meat production.
For more detailed information visit the Pig, goat and deer industry profile and key industry groups listed below also offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- Australian Pig Farmers focus on the pig's welfare, humane handling and sound management in a true free-range environment are the priorities of our members.
- Goat Industry Council of Australia (GICA) is designated as a Commodity Council of the Federation by Federal Government. GICA is specifically designated as the organisation that develops collective goat industry policy, across all breeds and works with Government, industry bodies, producers and other peak industry.
- The Deer Industry Association of Australia (DIAA) forms the peak national body of the deer industry and represents farmers, processors, transporters and breed organisations.
Five fast facts on chicken egg and chicken meat farming
- Victoria produced 235,400 tonnes of chicken meat in 2010–11, accounting for around 27 per cent of Australia's 881,741 tonnes of chicken meat production.
- Consumption of poultry – of which chicken meat is around 96 per cent – has increased from around 4.4 kg per person per year in 1960 to 41.7 kg in 2010.
- Only about 3 per cent of Australian production is exported and as a result domestic consumption trends are particularly important for all chicken meat producers.
- Victoria produced around 76 million dozen eggs in 2009-10 from a flock of around 3.2 million birds compared with an Australian flock was 11.7 million. In recent years the Victorian egg chicken flock has represented around 25–30 per cent of the national flock.
- Per capita consumption of eggs declined by around 46 per cent between the 1940s and 1990s. However, since 1995–96 per capita consumption has increased from 132 eggs per year to around 192 eggs per year.
For more detailed information visit industry profiles for the chicken egg and chicken meat sectors. There are also some key industry groups listed below offer valuable data, information and opportunities. These include:
- The Australian Chicken Meat Federation (ACMF) is the peak coordinating body for participants in the chicken meat industries in Australia.
- Australian Egg Corporation Limited aims to create an industry-operating environment that assists to minimise barriers and costs for Australian egg producers and to maximise benefits and revenue for the industry and the community through integrated marketing and research.