Lupin anthracnose (LA) is considered to be a significant biosecurity threat to Victoria's lupin industry.
A review of Victoria's LA market access requirements was completed in 2015. Findings from the review identified the need to make several amendments to these requirements, to ensure consistency with the appropriate biosecurity risk management principles.
New market access arrangements for LA host material, used machinery and packages came into force on 1 December 2015.
Certification requirements for lupin anthracnose host material
The certification requirement review was undertaken to confirm whether the existing regulatory framework for the management of LA was appropriately managing the risk for importation of the disease into Victoria. The review involved the completion of an Import Risk Analysis (IRA) to confirm the potential pathways for the disease's entry into Victoria and the adequacy of existing regulatory controls.
Findings from the IRA identified that some of the mitigation measures applied in the existing regulatory system were not least trade restrictive, and therefore required amendment. Information obtained through stakeholder feedback was used to guide revisions to the LA regulatory arrangements.
Key changes to importation requirements
LA permit requirements remain for used agricultural machinery, used packages and diagnostic samples.
Permit requirements regarding the movement of lupin seed and plants have been removed; although these items must still be certified. These pathways continue to be considered as posing a high risk for the entry, spread and establishment of the disease in Victoria.
The following previously regulated articles no longer require certification:
- Grain or husks - must be marketed as stock feed or for processing.
- Hay, straw or fodder - must be marketed as stock feed or for processing.
The following LA hosts consigned from a state or territory without LA freedom must meet the following requirements:
Lupin seed – certified that:
- the seed was grown from seed tested and found free of lupin anthracnose; and
- sown and harvested with equipment declared not to have been used on crops known to be infected with lupin anthracnose in the last two years; and
- treated with a registered fungicide, at the rate specified on the label; or
- for every 25t of material in the consignment, 40 samples are taken by an approved person, from which a 1.5kg sub-sample has been obtained, tested and found free of lupin anthracnose.
Lupin plants – certified that:
- they were inspected by an officer of the department responsible for agriculture in the State or Territory in which the plants were consigned from. The inspection must be conducted during September to November and must be found free of any symptoms of the disease within 20 days of export.
Persons seeking to import the following regulated articles into Victoria from a state or territory without lupin anthracnose freedom must apply to Agriculture Victoria for a permit:
- agricultural machinery or packages used with lupins; or,
- lupin diagnostic samples.
To obtain a permit, contact your local Agriculture Victoria Plant Standards Officer – phone 136 186 or email: firstname.lastname@example.org.
Reducing the risk of importation of lupin anthracnose through stockfeed
There remains a low risk of self-sown seed or lupin husks, hay, straw or fodder from stockfeed causing an outbreak of the disease in Victoria.
To address this risk, businesses using imported stockfeed containing lupins and lupin host material, such as lupin husks, hay, straw or fodder should implement good on-farm biosecurity measures to reduce the risk of this occurring.
Implementing on-farm biosecurity
Businesses using imported stockfeed containing lupins and lupin host material should ensure that lupin crops are not planted in paddocks where the material was fed to stock in the previous season. Growers should also be vigilant for volunteer plants the following season due to uneaten grain.
By not planting lupins in these paddocks the following season and removing volunteer plants, the risk of LA establishing in Victoria is very low.
These simple measures will manage the risk of LA spreading in Victoria.