Plant biosecurity legislation
The Department of Economic Development, Jobs, Transport and Resources (DEDJTR) manages Victorian plant biosecurity issues in partnership with industry, with the objectives of:
- minimising disruptions to plant production and market access from biosecurity incidents
- facilitating trade of plant products to local, interstate and overseas markets.
These objectives are supported by the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010 and associated Regulations.
The Act aims to:
- prevent the entry of plant pests and diseases into Victoria
- manage and control the spread of plant pests and diseases within Victoria
- enhance market access for plants and plant products in local, interstate and overseas markets.
The Regulations aim to:
- prevent the spread of grape phylloxera and potato cyst nematode to uninfested parts of Victoria
- prevent the spread of plant pests or diseases from declared restricted areas
- assist in responses to pests or disease detections in grapevines by prescribing Property Identification Codes for grapevine properties
- prescribe types of fruits for the purposes of traceability
- enable inspectors to charge fees
- prescribe offences under the Act which may be enforced by infringement notices and penalties.
The Act and Regulations apply to all plants and plant products, including fruit, vegetables, nuts, seeds and grains, forests and timber, native flora and ornamental plants. They do not include weeds, which are covered under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994.
Find copies of the Act and Regulations.
Additionally, Orders made under the Act enable actions aimed at meeting these objectives.
Orders made under the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010:
- may prohibit the movement of certain material into Victoria to prevent the entry into Victoria of exotic pests and diseases detected in other States or Territories
- allow areas in Victoria to be declared, and conditions imposed on the movement of certain materials, to prevent the entry of a pest or disease into that area
- allow areas in Victoria to be declared, and conditions imposed on the movement of certain materials, to prevent the spread of a pest or disease from that area. Current plant biosecurity Orders are summarised below. The Orders can be accessed from the Victorian Government Gazette website.
Orders are in place to prevent the entry of the following pests or diseases into Victoria by restricting or prohibiting the movement of specified plants, plant materials and other items:
Annual ryegrass toxicity
Asparagus stem blight
European house borer
Queensland fruit fly
Citrus red mite
Tomato yellow leaf curl virus
Citrus tristeza virus
Mediterranean fruit fly
A summary of these is provided in the Plant Quarantine Manual. - see requirements for importing produce.
Orders are currently in place for the purpose of:
- preventing the entry of the pest Queensland fruit fly into specified portions of Victoria: Greater Sunraysia Pest Free Area and the Yarra Valley
- preventing the entry of the pest grape phylloxera into specified areas: Phylloxera Exclusion Zones
- preventing the spread of the pest grape phylloxera from specified areas: Phylloxera Infested Zones
- preventing the entry of the pest potato cyst nematode into specified areas: Otways, Western, Warragul
- preventing the spread of the pest potato cyst nematode from specified areas
- preventing the entry of specified pests and disease into the Toolangi Plant Protection District
- controlling the spread of the disease chestnut blight in northern Victoria
- controlling the spread of the pest green snail in northern Victoria.
Declared and exotic plant pests and diseases
A plant pest or disease is classified as:
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