High-risk invasive animals
What are high-risk invasive animals?
High-risk invasive animals are non-native species of reptiles, amphibians, mammals and birds which threaten Victorian agriculture, parks, forests, waterways, biodiversity and rural land asset values. These animals are typically pest animals not established in the wild in Victoria and are often referred to as 'new and emerging' pest species. Due to their invasiveness, they have the potential to have serious impacts on Victoria's agricultural production, the environment and hinder the long-term sustainability of rural communities.
Examples of invasive animals of high-risk to Victoria include well-known species such as the cane toad and lesser-known species such as the Asian black-spined toad and the Northern palm squirrel. Broadly speaking, these species are considered to be species that are classified as either 'Prohibited', 'Controlled' or 'Regulated' under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994. (See invasive animal classification).
Why is it important to control these species?
Australia and the state of Victoria are particularly susceptible to the establishment of new invasive animal populations due to a number of factors, including: globalisation; changes in climate and the isolation of the Australian continent from other land masses over a long period of time.
These animals are not established in the wild in Victoria, however they are, or have the potential to become a serious threat to primary production, Crown land, the environment or community health in Victoria.
The Victorian Government's intervention is focused on preventing the establishment of these high-risk species through the timely action to identify and eradicate new incursions. Their prevention and eradication typically presents the best return on government investment.