Botanical Name: Asparagus asparagoides
Origin: South Africa
Birds eat berries and spread seeds. Seed laden soil is spread by vehicles and animals. Garden wastes are dumped in the bush.
Small-leaf Clematis, Clematis microphyllaOpposite, non-parallel veined leaves divided into 3 leaflets. Small, open, creamy flowers and silver-haired seeds.
Common Apple-berry, Billardiera scandensThick, narrow, non-parallel veined leaves. Bell-like, 5 petalled flowers.
Lignums, Muehlenbeckia sp.
Larger leaves on stalks and small, yellow, 5 petalled flowers.
Glossy, green, alternating, parallel veined 'leaves' (cladodes) from 1-7cm x 8-30mm.
Small, greenish-white, sweetly scented, hanging on stalks singly or in pairs along branchlets.
|Small, red berry, juicy when ripe, 6-10 diameter with up to 9 black, shiny, ovoid seeds.|
Permission should be sought from the land manager before any weed control is undertaken.
Remove small and scattered plants first and then target outer edges of larger infestations. Bridal Creeper has a tuberous root system.
- With minimal soil disturbance, hand pull or dig out small patches carefully removing whole tuberous root system. Best removed prior to flowering.
- Immediately spray new patches with suitable herbicide as first year growth is most susceptible.
Large Established Plants
Large patches have massive root systems which must be completely removed for effective control. Where feasible, solarisation ie. covering with black plastic for up to 12 months is effective.
- Fire will destroy Autumn growth but must be followed up by herbicide treatment.
Foliage may be spot sprayed with herbicide. Spray prior to flowering when rhizome food reserves are depleted.
The use of biological control agents is currently being investigated.
Burn berries and rhizomes in a very hot fire or seal in strong bags and take to the tip.
Monitor site regularly for regrowth and new seedlings. Hand pull or dig out seedlings. Prior to flowering carry out annual spraying for at least two and possibly up to six years with heavy infestations to further deplete rhizome food reserves. Replant indigenous plants to discourage seedling regrowth.
The life cycle may vary according to seasons and site conditions such as soil type, aspect and location.
Replace Bridal Creeper with appropriate indigenous plants. Encourage indigenous plant regeneration. Seek advice from you local indigenous nursery.
Did you know?
- Bridal creeper is also known as Smilax Asparagus.
- Bridal creeper is a very serious threat to indigenous vegetation.
- It prevents germination of native ground cover and shrubs by depriving them of light.
- It will also damage other vegetation that it climbs.
- Roots can be produced whenever the stems are in contact with the soil.
- Disturbance created by control may allow more weeds to colonize so follow up is needed.
- Bridal creeper was introduced to Australia as a garden plant and is sometimes sold for hanging baskets in commercial nurseries. It has been in Australia since at least 1871.
- The botanical name for bridal creeper was formerly Myrsiphyllum asparagoides.
- A cladode is a stem assuming the form and function of a leaf.
- ANPWS. (1991). Plant Invasions. The Incidence of environmental weeds in Australia. Kowari 2. Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra.
- Parsons, W.T. & Cuthbertson, E.G. (1992). Noxious Weeds of Australia. Inkata Press, Melbourne.
- Robertson, D. (1994). The Control of Bridal Creeper. Department of Conservation and Natural Resources study.
- Robertson, M. (1994). Stop Bushland Weeds. Nature Conservation Society of South Australia Inc., Adelaide.
The advice provided in this publication is intended as a source of information only. Always read the label before using any of the products mentioned. The State of Victoria and its employees do not guarantee that the publication is without flaw of any kind or is wholly appropriate for your particular purposes and therefore disclaims all liability for any error, loss or other consequence which may arise from you relying on any information in this publication.