Permanent identification technology
In Victoria only certain types of microchips can be implanted in horses, dogs and cats. Information on these devices is given below. Additionally there are set requirements for scanners used by implanters or at pounds/shelters.
Permanent identification devices
Only permanent identification devices which meet Australian standards and have the first three to six digits of the number as the manufacturer code can be used. Basically this means ISO microchips in the main however veterinarians/implanters should check with their wholesalers to ensure the microchips they are implanting meet the legislative requirements. The full legislative requirements are detailed below.
Prescribed permanent identification device means a microchip or other device which:
- complies with the requirements is AS 5019 - 2001
- contains unique identification numbers that complies with AS 5018-2001; and the first 3-6 digits displayed are the manufacturers code for the device as set by the International Committee for Animal Recording (ICAR) or any permanent identification device (microchip) implanted before May 2003 that uniquely identifies the animal.
- is able to be permanently implanted in an animal
- is designed to transmit stored information when activated by a reader
Exemption from Victorian requirements
Where horses, cats or dogs are being exported and the import country has specific requirements which differ from the Victorian legislation it is permissible to implant the animal being exported with the type of chip required by the country of import.
Scanners used by implanters and at pounds/shelters must be able to detect all prescribed permanent identification devices (see above information) and the three most common non-ISO devices used prior to the introduction of this new legislation, these are:
- AVID 125 kHz non-encrypted microchip
- Destron 125 Khz microchip
- Trovan 128 kHz microchip
Scanning at pounds and shelters
All pounds/shelters must scan all cats and dogs within three days of its entry and all horses as soon as reasonably possible on entry into the pound/shelter facility for the presence of a permanent identification device. Under the Domestic Animals Act councils must then notify owners in writing within four days of a cat or dogs impoundment (unless the animal is reclaimed). in relation to horses, under the Impounding of Livestock Act, if the owner is identified through a microchip they must notify the owner in writing of impoundment of the horse (unless reclaimed).