Climate monitoring and emissions resources

A young farmer checks a rain gauge.

The department provides a range of services and information products to support Victorian farmers to effectively monitor and understand the risks and opportunities of a variable climate.

The Commonwealth Government's Bureau of Meteorology and the Managing Climate Variability Program also provide excellent forecasting information regarding the seasonal outlook and rainfall data that now forms a critical factor in determining the eligibility of drought support programs and assistance.

Emissions resources

The following information and tools are available to:

  • improve decision making by farmers in regard to seasonal conditions
  • assist farmers to identify the risks posed by climate change to their farming business
  • develop strategies to manage the impacts of climate change
  • reduce their greenhouse gas emissions.

Dairy Climate Toolkit

Dairy Australia has a Dairy Climate Toolkit for farmers.

Dairy emissions calculator

Dairy Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategies Calculator (DGAS) is an online calculator designed to:

  • calculate greenhouse gas emissions for dairy farms
  • evaluate and compare strategies to reduce the farms emissions.

Emissions information and network

Carbon Toolkits in Agriculture network provides information on GHG accounting tools, and information and policy updates on carbon and emissions management.

See On-farm greenhouse gas accounting tools.

Climate and weather resources

Short-term weather forecasts

Much of what farmers do both on a day-to-day and seasonal basis is influenced by the weather. Improved understanding of the short-term (days or weeks) weather outlook can assist with business decisions and plan activities, such as:

  • planning grazing rotations or when to hold stock off particular paddocks
  • when to apply fertilisers to obtain optimum benefit
  • when to spray paddocks
  • when to cut hay or silage.

While many sites exist, perhaps the most comprehensive, reliable and useful is the Bureau of Meteorology (BoM). Some useful links are:

Our Climate and weather section also has information on the factors that influence our climate.

Medium to longer-term weather outlooks

These outlooks range from weeks up to months ahead and can be useful for planning activities such as:

  • pasture and cropping rotations
  • feed budgeting
  • forward contracting of supplementary feed stocks (hay and grain).

Monthly climate update

  • BoM Seasonal outlook — the official BoM forecast based on a statistical model using long-term historical rainfall and sea surface temperature data
  • BoM ENSO wrap — based on a dynamical model using ocean and atmospheric data that will eventually replace the seasonal outlook using the statistical model

It is important to understand how to use these forecasts and the times of the year that they are most reliable. The following climate newsletters can help with this.

Climate newsletters

The Break provides a monthly update on conditions for hay and grain industries.

The Fast Break is a monthly summary of seasonal model forecasts looking at conditions for the coming months ahead.

Page last updated: 26 Aug 2020