Compliance and movement conditions
Agriculture Victoria manages Victorian plant biosecurity issues in partnership with industry, with the objectives of:
- minimising disruptions to plant production and market access from biosecurity incidents
- facilitating trade of plant products to local, interstate and overseas markets.
These objectives are supported by the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010 and associated Regulations.
The Act aims to:
- prevent the entry of plant pests and diseases into Vic
- manage and control the spread of plant pests and diseases within Victoria
- enhance market access for plants and plant products in local, interstate and overseas markets.
The Regulations aim to:
- prevent the spread of grape phylloxera and potato cyst nematode to uninfested parts of Victoria
- prevent the spread of plant pests or diseases from declared restricted areas
- assist in responses to pests or disease detections in grapevines by prescribing Property Identification Codes for grapevine properties
- prescribe types of fruits for the purposes of traceability
- enable inspectors to charge fees
- prescribe offences under the Act which may be enforced by infringement notices and penalties.
The Act and Regulations apply to all plants and plant products, including fruit, vegetables, nuts, seeds and grains, forests and timber, native flora and ornamental plants. They do not include weeds, which are covered under the Catchment and Land Protection Act 1994.
Find copies of the Act and Regulations.
Additionally, Orders made under the Act enable actions aimed at meeting these objectives.
Orders made under the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010:
- may prohibit the movement of certain material into Victoria to prevent the entry into Victoria of exotic pests and diseases detected in other States or Territories
- allow areas in Victoria to be declared, and conditions imposed on the movement of certain materials, to prevent the entry of a pest or disease into that area
- allow areas in Victoria to be declared, and conditions imposed on the movement of certain materials, to prevent the spread of a pest or disease from that area.
Current plant biosecurity Orders are summarised below. The Orders can be accessed from the Victorian Government Gazette website.
Orders are currently in place for the purpose of:
- preventing the entry of the pest grape phylloxera into specified areas: Phylloxera Exclusion Zones
- preventing the spread of the pest grape phylloxera from specified areas: Phylloxera Infested Zones
Victoria’s phylloxera management zones
Victoria uses three types of management zones to protect its grape industries from phylloxera:
Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ) is an area declared to be free of the pest. PEZs are used to improve biosecurity and market access for the industry and must be protected from the introduction of phylloxera. Importantly, there are laws that protect a PEZ by restricting or prohibiting the entry of grapevines and other host materials into it.
Phylloxera Risk Zone (PRZ) has an undetermined phylloxera status because it has not yet been surveyed for phylloxera.
Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) is an area in which phylloxera has been detected. They are established to prevent the spread of the pest from the area. A number of PIZs exist in Victoria and New South Wales. With PIZs there are regulations prohibiting the movement of host materials out of the zone.
Current PIZ (maps)
A single Order (PDF) applies to the declaration of these PIZs.
Which phylloxera management zone are you located in?
Go to Agriculture Victoria’s interactive application to find out which zone you’re in.
Vinehealth Australia also publishes maps of the phylloxera management zones of Australia.
For more information on Victoria’s phylloxera management police see:
- Victorian phylloxera management policy (WORD - 259.0 KB)
- Victorian phylloxera management policy (PDF - 208.4 KB)
Victoria’s phylloxera movement controls
Phylloxera is most commonly spread through the transportation of host materials.
These host materials are regulated under the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010, and include but are not limited to:
- wine and table grapes
- grape must and unfiltered juice
- grape marc
- agricultural equipment and packaging, including bins used in the cultivation of vines
- plants of the genus Vitis, including potted vines, cuttings, rootlings and germplasm.
These materials may only be moved under certain circumstances with Agriculture Victoria’s approval. It is an offence for any person who causes or permits the movement of any phylloxera host risk plant, plant product, used package, used equipment or earth material into a Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ), unless the person is authorised to do so under a permit issued by Agriculture Victoria and who must comply with the conditions of that permit.
In order to facilitate movement of all grape material, Interstate Certification Assurance (ICA) arrangements are available. These can be used for interstate and intrastate movement of grape material between PIZs and PRZs or PEZs.
How do I move phylloxera host materials?
Start by identifying the zone the host material is coming from. If you are not certain about the zones in Victoria, see Phylloxera management zones.
Moving between zones – download the Gate2Gate app
Look for this image on Google Play and Apple Store.
You can download the Gate2Gate Phylloxera Host Materials Movement app from the Apple Store or Google Play.
The app provides you with all the important regulatory information you will need to move phylloxera host plants and materials around and into Victoria.
Victoria’s Plant Quarantine Manual
To assist you with complying with Victoria’s movement conditions requirements, Agriculture Victoria’s online Plant Quarantine Manual provides you with advice on entry conditions for plant and plant products affected by biosecurity threats. It allows you to search for host/commodity, condition and pest/disease
Declared and exotic plant pests and diseases
A plant pest or disease is classified as:
- a declared pest or disease (WORD - 21.5 KB)
- a notifiable pest or disease (WORD - 28.9 KB)
- an exotic pest or disease (WORD - 51.9 KB)
Your notification responsibilities
Phylloxera is declared as a notifiable pest under the Plant Biosecurity Act 2010.
You must report suspected detections of phylloxera to Agriculture Victoria within 7 days by:
- emailing email@example.com or
- phoning the Agriculture Victoria Customer Service Centre on 136 186.
The requirement for mandatory reporting includes a person who:
- owns or occupies the land
- owns or possesses the material (e.g. vine rootlings)
- deals with the land or material as a consultant or contractor engaged by the owner/occupier or manager.
It is important to comply with certificate movement conditions
It is an offence and financial penalties can apply if you cause or permit the movement of any phylloxera host materials into a PEZ or out of a PIZ without a permit. Maximum fines up to 60 penalty units for an individual and 300 penalty units in the case of a body corporate can apply.
One penalty unit is currently $165.22, from 1 July 2019 to 30 June 2020.
Penalties can also apply for movement of host materials past a sign located on or within sight of a public highway. A fine of 10 penalty units can apply.
Everyone can help prevent the spread of phylloxera by being aware of the phylloxera management zones and what they mean.
- When travelling by road, observe highway signage and do not move any phylloxera host materials into the Phylloxera Exclusion Zone (PEZ) without appropriate certification.
- When visiting vineyards in a Phylloxera Infested Zone (PIZ) observe signage regarding movement around the vineyard (photo below) and do not remove any phylloxera host materials from the property.
Report any unauthorised removal of host materials from phylloxera zones to Agriculture Victoria’s Customer Service Centre on 136 186.
National Phylloxera Management Protocol
The viticulture industries (wine and table grapes) – through the National Vine Health Steering Committee – have developed a National Phylloxera Management Protocol, which is an agreed standard for managing the movement of risk vectors so as to minimise the risk of spreading phylloxera.
Read the National Phylloxera Management Protocol.
Other pests and diseases
A number of other exotic pests and diseases also present potential threats to viticulture in Victoria. Grape growers need to ensure their biosecurity practices minimise the chances of either phylloxera or other pests becoming established.
Exotic pests of grapevines
Whilst phylloxera has been the major biosecurity issue for Victorian grape growers, many pests not yet recorded in Australia are potential threats to our viticulture industries.
Exotic pests that are high priorities for Victorian viticulture include:
- Angular leaf scorch (Pseudopezicula tetraspora)
- Black rot (Guignardia bidwellii)
- Flavescence doree (Flavescence doree phytoplasma)
- Glassy-winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca coagulata)
- Grape mealybug (Pseudococcus maritimus)
- Omnivorous leaf roller (Platynota stultana)
- Pierce's disease (Xylella fastidiosa)
- Rotbrenner (Pseudopezicula tracheiphila)
- Vine mealybug (Planococcus ficus)
- Grapevine leaf rust (Phakopsora euvitis)
Vines should be checked regularly, and any unusual or unknown pest or disease symptoms reported to the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline 1800 084 881.