On-farm greenhouse gas accounting tools

Below is a list of tools currently available to assist farm businesses in estimating on-farm greenhouse gas emissions and carbon sequestration.

This list is updated regularly. If you know of other tools that should be included, please let us know.

Note: some tools include carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity. Under national accounting methods, emissions from agriculture only include on-farm methane and nitrous oxide emissions (e.g. from livestock, soil disturbance and fertilisers). However, with the price of electricity and other input costs (e.g. refrigerants and fertilisers) increasing, identifying opportunities for improving energy use efficiency on farm will help reduce the impact of these extra costs.

Cropping, beef, sheep, intensive livestock, horticulture

FarmGAS scenario tool

This is an online tool that enables users to estimate greenhouse gas emissions at both farm enterprise and whole farm scale.

Registered users can also calculate the effect different management options have on greenhouse gas emission levels and the potential to generate carbon credits. It was modified from the National Greenhouse Gas Inventory (NGGI) 2006 accounting method to make emissions calculations more applicable at the farm scale.

Features include

  • customisable emission calculations
  • multiple enterprises to choose from, including beef, sheep, broadacre cropping, intensive livestock systems, perennial horticulture and environmental plantings
  • multiple reporting options
  • downloadable Excel CSV files for further analysis
  • the ability to create multiple scenarios.

Greenhouse in agriculture greenhouse frameworks for beef, wool and grains

Excel-based tools, useful for calculating emissions from individual enterprise activities.

Inputs and outputs are presented on one page, with a graphical representation of emissions from each key source.

Includes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity

Horticulture

Cool Farm Tool (CFT)

The CFT is a greenhouse gas calculator that is free for farmer across the globe. While not specific for Australian conditions, it can help understand the carbon footprint of crops as well as livestock and also includes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity.

Australian wine carbon calculator

Excel-based tool, useful for estimating emissions from vineyards, wineries, and packaging and distribution. It provides general guidance on the significant emissions associated with individual products, but is not sufficient for product-level lifecycle analysis (which is required to claim 'carbon neutrality').

Includes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity.

Greenhouse gas emissions from horticulture

Information on key emissions produced by horticultural activities and options for mitigation.

Dairy

Greenhouse in agriculture dairy greenhouse framework

Excel-based tool, useful for calculating emissions from dairy farms. Inputs and outputs are presented on one page, with a graphical representation of emissions from each key source.

Includes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity.

Dairy Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategies Calculator (DGAS)

Excel-based tool, that enables dairy farmers and advisors to calculate the impact of adopting different abatement strategies on total farm greenhouse gas emissions and explore potential management strategies, including:

  • herd management
  • feeding management
  • soil management and farm intensification.

It includes on-farm nitrous oxide and methane emissions, and certain pre-farm emissions from chemical, fertiliser and feed inputs.

Includes carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fuel and electricity.

The dairy industry farm monitor project

This project provides a financial and comparative analysis of 73 dairy farms from across northern Victoria, south-western Victoria and Gippsland and includes an estimate of greenhouse gas emissions for each farm.

Tree and soil carbon

National carbon accounting toolbox and Full Carbon Accounting Model (FullCAM)

The Full Carbon Accounting Model (FullCAM) is the model used to construct Australia's national greenhouse gas emissions account for the land sector.

FullCAM deals with both the biological and management processes which affect carbon pools and the transfers between pools in forest and agricultural systems.

The exchanges of carbon, loss and uptake between the terrestrial biological system and the atmosphere are accounted for in the full and closed cycle mass balance model which includes all biomass, litter and soil pools.

Page last updated: 20 Jan 2021